EFFECTS OF LEARNING STRATEGIES ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
It could be said that learning strategies is the whole of all kinds of tactics that individuals use to learn and gain abilities in their own ways. Learning strategies consist of the learners’ behaviours and thoughts that are expected to affect the choice of new knowledge to be taught, arrangement and integration of it. According to, (Buyukozturkvd (2004), Learning strategies are strategies that are developed for dealing with various situations which are learned in social environment (Unimuek, 2004). Support of this view, learning strategies that are mentioned most in different sources into three as (a) central, (b) macro, and (c) micro strategies. Studies offer many proofs that prove effective learning strategies affect learning. Mayer 1988, Weinstein, Zimmerman and Palmer, (1988).
effects of learning strategies on students academic performance
Learning is a process in which the learner gain a new point of view explains the meaning and rebuilds it by him (Demirel, 2005). Acikgoz (2000) states that, learning is a process that happens in the student’s mind and the teacher is responsible for providing necessary circumstances to facilitate it then the students should deal with the rest. If students do not use the appropriate learning strategies then there will not be any learning. Strategy can generally be explained as a pattern to achieve something or appliance of a plan that is developed to reach a goal.
In Weinstein (1986) opinion, learning strategies are the behaviours and thought the student uses as he learns and obtained knowledge. In support of this view, (Brown 2007:19) defines strategies as specific methods of operation for achieving a particular end and the planned designed for controlling and manipulating certain information. Similarly, Demirel (2001) defines the learning strategy as all of the mental tactics that are used by an individual in case of special learning situation to facilitate obtaining knowledge and abilities learning strategies are defined as association of raw knowledge with what has already been learned and the behaviours that will help remembering this knowledge when it is needed (Weinstein, (1985) Further asserts that, learning strategies and studying abilities are different concepts. When you say “studying conditions” (silence, illumination, heat, form of the chair) preparing for the examinations, concentrating, improving the memory.
Rotter (1975), mention that in locus of control the individual perceives the positive or negative incident as a function of his own behaviour and under his control but in external control the individual perceives the positive or negative incident as a function of his own behaviour and under his control but in external control the individual perceives the positive or negative incidents as out of his control (Strickland, 1989). In order to provide output and success that is expected from education it is needed to make the students compose their own learning strategies carry on doing it, change and renew it. In this way, it is also important for teachers to determine learning strategies and control focus levels of teaching in enhancing the student’s understand. It is thought that it contributes to requirement of new knowledge when appropriate strategies are programmed especially in an educational system.
Accordingly, Chamot (2014), described learning strategies as the thoughts and actions that individuals use to achieve a set of goals. No doubt, learning is a process in which the gains a new point of view explains the meaning and rebuilds it by him (Demirel, 2005). While Acikgoz (2000) State that, learning is a process that happens in the student’s mind and it is also the responsibility of the teacher to providing the necessary circumstances to facilitate it to the students while the students should deal with the rest. If the students do not use the appropriate learning strategies then there will not be any learning. Strategy can generally be explained as a pattern to achieve something or application of a plan that is developed to reach a goal. In Weinteins (1986) opinion learning strategy are the behaviours and thoughts the student’s uses as he learn which are also aimed to affect the student’s coding process.
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